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Highest man-made temperature

Highest man-made temperature

On 13 August 2012, scientists at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider (LHC), Geneva, Switzerland, announced that they created a quark-gluon plasma with a record-smashing temperature of 5.5 trillion K.

The team had been using the ALICE experiment, which is focused on studying the QCP and other conditions in the primordial Universe, on smashing together lead ions at 99% of the speed of light to create a quark-gluon plasma. It is believed that up to a few milliseconds after the Big Bang, the Universe was in a quark-gluon plasma state, which is an exotic state of matter. It is thought quark-gluon plasma consists of asymptotically free quarks and gluons.

See also: Lowest man-made temperature

Reactor Physics and Thermal Hydraulics:
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  2. J. R. Lamarsh, A. J. Baratta, Introduction to Nuclear Engineering, 3d ed., Prentice-Hall, 2001, ISBN: 0-201-82498-1.
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  4. Glasstone, Sesonske. Nuclear Reactor Engineering: Reactor Systems Engineering, Springer; 4th edition, 1994, ISBN: 978-0412985317
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  6. Zohuri B., McDaniel P. Thermodynamics in Nuclear Power Plant Systems. Springer; 2015, ISBN: 978-3-319-13419-2
  7. Moran Michal J., Shapiro Howard N. Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, Fifth Edition, John Wiley & Sons, 2006, ISBN: 978-0-470-03037-0
  8. Kleinstreuer C. Modern Fluid Dynamics. Springer, 2010, ISBN 978-1-4020-8670-0.
  9. U.S. Department of Energy, THERMODYNAMICS, HEAT TRANSFER, AND FLUID FLOW. DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Volume 1, 2, and 3. June 1992.

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